Rally Glossary

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Acute
A turn of substantially more than 90 degrees.
After
The first opportunity following the specified sign or landmark that also meets all other criteria, such as distance, for example.
Bear
A turn of substantially less than 90 degrees
Before
The last opportunity in sight of and prior to the referenced sign or landmark.
Blinker
A signal light consisting of red or yellow lights designed to regularly sequence on and off, whether operating or not, and legally applicable to rally traffic. Only one blinker applies at the same railroad crossing, intersection, or other cautionary/stopping point on the rally road.
CAST
Acronym for "Change / Continue / Commence Average Speed To"
Cattle Guard
A series of pipes or rails laterally crossing an opening in the road surface designed as a barrier for livestock.
Checkpoint
A point along the rally route where time-of-day arrival is measured.
Cross
Go completely across the specified road.
Crossroad
An intersection where it is possible to go left, right, or straight.
Free Zone
A specified segment of a timed rally route in which there are no timing controls.
Gain
Decrease the amount of time for passage of a specified distance by the specified amount of time. Where a gain is operative is a free zone.
Intersection
A point along the rally route where it is possible to choose a direction of travel, using defined rally roads, without making a U-turn.
ITIS
Acronym for "If There Is Such", usually given after a reference to a sign or landmark, to indicate that the referenced item may not be encountered. When given in a numbered route instruction, the instruction is executed only if the referenced item is encountered before it is possible to execute the next numbered route instruction. When used in a note, the ITIS is cancelled when the note is cancelled.
Left
Turn to the left at an intersection.
Leg
The segment of a rally route extending from the start to the first checkpoint or from one checkpoint to the next.
Opp/Opportunity
A place where a specified action can be executed. The first opportunity encountered is assumed in the absence of a specific description of the opportunity.
Or
Separates the parts of a multi-part instruction where only one part is to be executed. Execute only the part that is first possible.
Pause
Delay a specified time at a referenced point or within a specified distance. Where a pause is operative is a free zone.
Paved
Describes a road having a hard surface, such as concrete, bricks, asphalt, macadam, etc.
Pick Up
Change route assignment without executing a turn.
Right
Turn to the right at an intersection.
STOP
An official red octagonal stop sign at which the rally vehicle is legally obliged to stop. This type sign is used as a self-identifying landmark and referenced in all capital letters without quotation marks. Only one STOP applies at each place where rally traffic is obliged to stop.
Straight
Proceed across an intersection in essentially the same direction.
T
An intersection having the general shape of the letter T as approached from the base. The rallyist must turn at a T. Left and right turns are not necessarily equivalent in degree, and the intersecting roads are not necessarily equivalent in quality or description.
Traffic Light
A stationary signal featuring alternating red and green lights, frequently with a yellow transition light between green and red, that regulates rally traffic. Only one traffic light applies at each place where rally traffic is regulated. The signal light need not be operating or may be operating as a blinker.
Transit Zone
A part of a rally route in which there are no checkpoints and no assigned speed. An exact time for passage or an assigned restart time at the end of the transit zone must be given. The approximate distance of the transit zone is desirable and may be given.
Turn
Change direction at an intersection. "Turn" does not direct the same action as a route-following rule.
Y
An intersection having the general shape of the letter Y as approached from the base. The rallyist must turn at a Y. Both left and right turns are substantially less than 90 degrees, but not necessarily equivalent in degree, and the intersecting roads are not necessarily equivalent in quality or description.
YIELD
An official wedge-shaped sign at which the rally vehicle is legally obliged to yield the right of way. This type sign is used as a self-identifying landmark and referenced in all capital letters without quotation marks. Only one YIELD applies at each place where rally traffic is obliged to yield.
( )
Information enclosed in parenthesis is redundant or nonessential or parenthetical.
" "
Quotation marks indicate alphanumeric text to be found on a sign, building, or other stationary structure. Quoted material will be spelled exactly as it appears on the referenced sign or landmark. If a quotation is incomplete, it will include a prominent, contiguous portion of the referenced text.